Things You’ll Need:
Test the microphone levels and sound system before a live performance.
Set the microphone level as high as possible without distorting (exceeding 100 VU or going into the red on a recording meter) or causing feedback.
Sing directly into a cardioid microphone. Maintain the same distance from the microphone throughout a song.
Choose the same model of microphone for all singers in a group.
Use a windscreen to prevent unwanted sounds ("p" sounds making an unpleasant popping noise) and hissing ("s" sounds making a sibilant, hissing noise).
Keep microphones away from speakers to avoid feedback.
Employ omnidirectional microphones for recording instruments in a studio, and place them equidistant from the sources you want to pick up.
Place two omnidirectional microphones perpendicular to each other to record a performance without vocals.
Use microphones recommended by manufacturers for specific instruments.
Place unidirectional and cardioid microphones close to the sound source of acoustic instruments (for example, the hole in a guitar or the opening of a horn).
Follow the instructions in your manual to determine how close the microphone should be to the source. Test the microphone on your sound system or make a brief recording to determine the best distance.
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